Educator Resources:
The Liberation of the Netherlands

There were still more Allied than Canadian troops under Crerar, but in mid-March 1945 I Canadian Corps arrived from Italy to replace I British Corps. I Corps pushed north to the IJsselmeer (Apr 18), isolating German forces in west Netherlands, while II Corps drove northeast to Groningen (April 13) and Leeuwarden (April 15), and then east into Germany.

When hostilities ceased 5 May 1945, it fell to the Canadians to liberate western Holland, including Rotterdam; the national centre of government, The Hague; and the national capital, Amsterdam. The Dutch there had suffered through an extremely harsh winter, short of food and fuel, but relief supplies were quickly funnelled into the area. The Canadians were welcomed enthusiastically and the joyous "Canadian summer" that ensued forged deep and long-lasting bonds of friendship between the Dutch and Canadian peoples.

Greenhous, Brereton, "Liberation of the Netherlands" The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica-Dominion, 2010. 18 May 2010.

  • Mr. Chow and a Dutch girl celebrate the end of war, the Netherlands.

    Marshall Chow

  • The Liberation of Rijssen, April 9, 1945. Child pictured to the right of the tank, with arrow, is a young Charlie Tharner.

    Jim Caird

  • Liberation Parade in Witteveen, the Netherlands.

    Clifford Gilbert Vernon Hobbis

  • Liberation Parade in Witteveen, Netherlands.

    Clifford Hobbis

  • The liberation of Holland.

    Robert Greene

Enlarge Image

Listen & Learn

Stories from The Liberation of the Netherlands

Follow us