Educator Resources:
Canada and the Korean War

Strange Battleground – the Canadian Army

Men from all across Canada enlisted to fight in the hills of Korea. The 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade aided other United Nations forces in pushing the communist North Korean People’s Army and Chinese forces out of South Korea and holding the line at the 38th parallel. Under harsh conditions, Canadian soldiers fought for and defended the terrain around Chail-li, Ch’orwon, the Imjim River, Hill 187, and Hill 355, where the 2nd Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment defended its position from multiple enemy assaults. At Kap’yong in April 1951, the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry held its position against the enemy advance. The regiment received a United States Presidential Unit Citation for its success.


Thunder in the Morning Calm – Royal Canadian Navy

On 5 July 1950, HMCS Athabaskan, Cayuga, and Sioux sailed for Korean waters. Over the next five years, a total of eight Royal Canadian Navy ships worked alongside other United Nations and Republic of Korea naval forces in a variety of tasks. The destroyers were involved in blockades, patrols, and bombarding enemy-held coastal areas. In October 1952 the RCN suffered its first and only battle casualties. While on patrol, HMCS Iroquois received a direct hit from a shore battery. Three men were killed and ten were wounded. By the time the last Canadian destroyer left Korean waters in 1955, 3 621 personnel had served in theatre.


Slipped the Surly Bonds of Earth – Royal Canadian Air Force

Canadian troops en route to Korea boarding an RCAF No. 426 Squadron North Star, at McChord Airforce Base, Washington State, USA. From 1950 to 1955, approximately 1000 Royal Canadian Air Force personnel served in the Korean War. The 800 men of No. 426 Transport Squadron were among the first to participate, tasked with providing transport between McChord Air Force Base, Washington State and Haneda airfield in Tokyo. By 1954, the unit had flown 600 round trips, carrying more than 13 000 passengers and 3 000 000 kilograms of freight. No. 435 Squadron was tasked with shepherding returning wounded soldiers from McChord Air Force Base across Canada. In addition, twenty-two RCAF fighter pilots served with the US Air Force. They were credited with 20 enemy fighter jets destroyed or damaged.

  • Picture taken by Mr. Blais during a burial ceremony in 1956. Found by South Koreans, the two Royal 22e Regiment soldiers were buried by the Canadian military authorities at the United Nation Military Cemetery in Korea.

    Jean-Louis Blais

  • Some of Mr. Blais female colleagues (Mrs. Gisèle Saint-Pierre on the left) examining pictures taken by Mr. Blais at Camp Borden in 1954. This picture was taken at the time where the Army was giving it's first medical class in French. In the background, the Benting dormitory at Camp Borden.

    Jean-Louis Blais

  • Canadian 3rd Advanced Dressing Station camp near the 38th Parallel in Korea during winter 1955.

    Jean-Louis Blais

  • Members of Richard Engel's platoon, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, 1950.

    Richard Engel

  • A platoon of C Company, 2nd Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment in training at Fort Lewis (Washington) in the United States. Mr. Jean served in C Company in Korea. The captain leading the way is Charles

Enlarge Image
Close

Listen & Learn

Stories from Canada and the Korean War

Follow us